1. Source: ASX data

  2. Source: ASX data

  3. Data compiled by AirTree Ventures. Source: Pitchbook, press articles, Airtree estimates. Note: Non-exhaustive.

  4. Source: Pitchbook data

  5. Source: Pitchbook data

  6. Source: Pitchbook data

  7. Based on figures from Bond Internet Trends 2019 (www.bondcap.com/report/itr19/#view/261)

  8. www.svb.com/globalassets/library/uploadedfiles/content/trends_and_insights/reports/startup_ outlook_report/us/svb-suo-us-report-2019.pdf

  9. www.weforum.org/reports/data-science-in-the-new-economy-a-new-race-for-talent-in-the-fourth-industrial-revolution

  10. www.smartcompany.com.au/startupsmart/news/government-pulls-startup-muster-funding

  11. www.launchvic.org/victorias-ecosystem

  12. www.home.kpmg/xx/en/home/campaigns/2019/10/venture-pulse-q3-2019.html

  13. www.export.org.au/publications/from-resource-boom-to-digital-boom-capturing-australias-digital-trade-opportunity-at-home-and-abroad

  14. www.afr.com/technology/labor-government-would-change-encryption-laws-20190327-p517xg

  15. www.theaustralian.com.au/business/technology/scott-farquhar-encryption-bill-a-gut-punch-to-tech-sector/news-story/911d5bdf788c3fa277d58622d568b4a5

  16. www.nytimes.com/2019/01/22/technology/australia-cellphone-encryption-security.html

  17. www.zdnet.com/article/australias-encryption-laws-are-highly-unlikely-to-dragoon-employees-in-secret/

  18. www.twitter.com/Twitch/status/1182000479804391424

  19. www.vice.com/en_us/article/zmjgzw/the-german-synagogue-shooters-twitch-video-didnt-go-viral-heres-why

  20. Yes we Canva – an interview with Australia’s only current Unicorn www.startupnews.com.au/2018/01/29/yes-canva-interview-australias-current-unicorn/

  21. StartupAUS analysis of AC program data

  22. AC program data

  23. Enrico Moretti (2012), The New Geography of Jobs: Mariner Books

  24. Deloitte UK (2015), The Global Economic Impact of Facebook (deloitte.com)

  25. www.apple.com.au/job-creation

  26. www.kauffman.org/what-we-do/resources/entrepreneurship-policy-digest/the-importance-of-young-firms-for-economic-growth

  27. media.nesta.org.uk/documents/vital-six-per-cent.pdf

  28. US Census Bureau Business Dynamics Statistics

  29. www.industry.gov.au/data-and-publications/australian-innovation-system-report/australian-innovation-system-report-2015

  30. Criscuolo, C., P. Gal and C. Menon (2014), “The Dynamics of Employment Growth: New Evidence from 18 Countries”, OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers, No. 14, OECD Publishing, Paris, www.doi.org/10.1787/5jz417hj6hg6-en.

  31. www.oecd.org/sti/dynemp.html

  32. www.industry.gov.au/sites/g/files/net3906/f/May%202018/document/other/australian_innovation_system_report_2015.docx

  33. www.industry.gov.au/sites/g/files/net3906/f/May%202018/document/other/australian_innovation_system_report_2015.docx

  34. www.publications.industry.gov.au/publications/australianinnovationsystemreport2017/index.html

  35. www.alphabeta.com/our-research/the-automation-advantage

  36. Change transition-of-economy narrative to one of job creation (www.theaustralian.com.au/business/technology/change-transitionofeconomy-narrative-to-one-of-job-creation/news-story/956d5c5cd2996c72ff6c21d97a145eb2)

  37. Change transition-of-economy narrative to one of job creation John Henderson, The Australian.

  38. medium.com/the-boundlss-blog/australia-needs-13-billion-to-fend-off-vikings-cd53866e83c6

  39. www.alphabeta.com/our-research/australias-digital-opportunity-growing-a-122-billion-a-year-tech-industry/

  40. www.export.org.au/publications/from-resource-boom-to-digital-boom-capturing-australias-digital- trade-opportunity-at-home-and-abroad

  41. Klaus Schwab, “On the Innovation of Nations,” New York Times, 15 Dec. 2013, www.nyti.ms/1b8FCPi

  42. Eleanor Hall and Ricardo Hausmann, “Harvard economist warns about world economy,” ABC, 27 Oct. 2011, www.abc.net.au/worldtoday/content/2011/s3349175.html

  43. StartupAUS analysis of LinkedIn data

  44. www.atlas.cid.harvard.edu/

  45. www.atlas.cid.harvard.edu/

  46. Tech firms headquartered in Australia by total VC funds raised, 2015-2019. Source: StartupAUS analysis of Pitchbook data. Non-exhaustive.

  47. www.startupgenome.com/reports

  48. www.thegedi.org

  49. www.gemconsortium.org/report/50012